Gout is a type of arthritis that causes hot, stiff, and swollen, and painful joints.
Gout attacks happen when the body is overloaded with uric acid. It’s a waste product created in the breakdown of certain foods and tissues, and it’s normally excreted in your urine, according to the NLM.
But when there’s too much uric acid in the body, it can form needle-like crystals in the joints — that’s what causes gout pain, the NLM adds.
The condition affects more men than women, according to the Mayo Clinic, primarily because women tend to have lower levels of uric acid in their bodies.
Certain foods and drinks— namely red meat, shellfish, sugary beverages, and excess alcohol — can raise uric acid levels. Limiting your intake of these can lower the risk attacks, but medications can also help, the Mayo Clinic adds.